On 20 July and 14 August 1974 Turkey launched two successive brutal invasions on the Republic of Cyprus. Over 200,000 innocent Greek Cypriot civilians were forced out of their homes and thousands suffered human rights violations ranging from beatings to death. The invasions have resulted in the occupation of 37% of Cyprus’s territory and the de facto creation of a Turkish state in Cyprus.
Through this web site the Hellenic Electronic Center aims to educate the reader on the fundamental causes of the conflict and encourages you to take action to bring about the end of Turkey’s crimes against humanity in Cyprus and restore the basic fundamental human rights of all Cypriots who are the victims of Turkeys aggression.
Cyprus is a small island in South-Eastern Mediterranean. The island’s population is mainly Greek-Cypriot, and speaks the Greek language. It’s an island of non-stop sunshine and gorgeous beaches. The tourist industry is the main source of income. Each year around 2 million tourists come from around the world. Part of the island is occupied by Turkish forces since 1974. The Capital is Nicosia and there are 5 more towns, Limassol, Larnaca, Paphos, Famagusta and Kyrenia (the last two are under Turkish occupation).
Population: 879,000 (combined) (UN, 2010)
Capital: Nicosia (Lefkosia)
Monetary unit: Euro from 1 January 2008
Main exports: Clothing, potatoes, cigarettes, pharmaceuticals
GNI per capita: US $29,430 (World Bank, 2010)
Nationality: noun: Cypriot(s) adjective: Cypriot
Religions: Greek Orthodox 78%, Muslim 18%, Maronite, Armenian Apostolic, and other 4%
Languages: Greek, Turkish, English
Climate: temperate, Mediterranean, with hot, dry summers, and cool, wet winters
Location: Middle East, island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey
Geographic coordinates: 35 00 N, 33 00 E
Map references: Middle East
Area: total: 9,250 sq km (note – 3,355 sq km are in the Turkish occupied area) land: 9,240 sq km water: 10 sq km
Land boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 648 km
Terrain: central plain with mountains to north and south; scattered but significant plains along southern coast