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Yugoslav republic clearly sought to trade on the Greek name for expansionist purposes in the future and cultivate a mentality of irredentism in the younger generation.

   And naturally Turkey was the first country to rush headlong to recognise the fake name of the new republic whose inhabitants are an amalgam of Slavs, Albanians, Gypsies and Serbs with a small number of Greeks.

   Geographically speaking, 70% of the land of ancient Macedonia belongs to Greece, 11% to Bulgaria and the remaining 19% to the former Yugoslavia.

   Turkish officials go backwards and forwards regularly with a wealth of promises that have no security, expecting to create one more link in the Muslim Bow against Greece that runs through the Balkans. Albania, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria form the basis of this bow which the Turks aim to establish in the name of peace and friendship between Balkan peoples. The Turks make hypocritical use of the pretext of peace and friendship whenever it suits them. They still have no hesitation, when circumstances dictate, in making a big song and dance about the need for "Greek-Turkish friendship", inventing and proposing to Greece whole packages of carefully designed initiatives to this end.

   However, whenever Turkey starts to talk about Greek-Turkish friendship, Greece can be quite sure Turkey is merely paying lip-service to the idea and that it is a tactical manoeuvre.

   The phrase used by Ismet Inonu, with reference to Eleftherios Venizelos, after the signing of the Treaty of Lausanne and proclamation of the Greek-Turkish friendship (" The fellow believed us!"), has gone down in history.

   Zorlu and Menderes also spoke of Greek-Turkish friendship prior to launching the pogrom against the Greeks on 6th September, 1955.

   The same thing had happened only a few months earlier, in March, 1964 when Turkey denounced the Trade, Establishment and Shipping Agreement signed by Greece and Turkey on 30th October, 1930; the result was the persecution and deportation of the Greeks who had stayed on in Constantinople.

   Before the Turks invaded Cyprus, they again came out with the same patter about Greek-Turkish friendship to persuade the man at the head of the Greek junta, Giorgos Papadopoulos, to withdraw the Greek regiment stationed in Cyprus in order to facilitate the Turkish invasion that ensued. He believed them too!

   In 1996, immediately after the major crisis engineered by the Turks over the Imia islets, Turkey began once more to beat the big drum about the need for Greek-Turkish friendship, offering up sweet and hypocritical words that had no substance. Their purpose was to get Greece to lift the veto it had imposed on any progress being made in the customs association agreement between Turkey and the European Union in April the same year.

   Thus it is has been historically proven that whenever Turkey speaks of Greek-Turkish friendship, it seeks to achieve a specific goal and then, once this has been attained, it reverts to its abiding aggressive nature and its unshakable intention to put its expansionist strategy into effect.

Pan-Turkism: The Ideology of Turkish Expansionism. The phenomenon known as "Pan-Turkism", which first manifested itself at the beginning of the twentieth century, was to determine the course of Turkish diplomacy right up until the present day. According to this ideology, which is identified with the policy of irredentism in respect of lands inhabited by Turkish-speaking peoples, "Greater Turkey" should be established in territory in the Crimea, the Caucasus, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Siberia, Turkestan, Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Western Thrace, Cyprus and, of course, the Aegean islands.

   Although officially embraced only by the regime of the Young Turks after the 1908 revolution, the ideology has had considerable influence on Turkish policy, either overtly or

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Leonidas Koumakis
A True Story

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