The Article

There are two kinds of articles in Greek : the definite and the indefinite (just like in most European languages).

The article is inflected for number, gender and case. In Modern Greek there are two numbers


three genders


and four cases

The article agrees in number, gender and case with the noun it refers to, which it precedes. Vocative takes no article.

Declension of the definite article

Nominative (*o*) (*i*) (*to*)
Genitive (*tu*) (*tis*) (*tu*)
Accusative (*ton*) (*tin*) (*to*)
Nominative (*i*) (*i*) (*ta*)
Genitive (*ton*) (*ton*) (*ton*)
Accusative (*tus*) (*tis*) (*ta*)

The definite article is used much more often in Greek than in other languages. The most important of its special uses are

The definite article is not stressed (accentuated).

The indefinite article is the same as the numeral "one" in Greek, but translated as "a" in English.

Declension of the indefinite article

MasculineFeminineAlt. FeminineNeuter
Nominative (*Enas*) (*mIa*) (*mn'A*) (*Ena*)
Genitive (*enOs*) (*mIas*) (*mn'As*) (*enOs*)
Accusative() (*Ena(n)*) (*mIa*) (*mn'A*) (*Ena*)

The final of the accusative form is used before a vowel and consonants , and . In the latter case it is assimilated with the following consonant and is pronounced *mb*, *nd* and *ng* respectively.

The indefinite article is not used in Greek as often as in English. It is ommitted

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Last modified: Wed Dec 20 18:52:59 1995